The first international statements on non-communicable diseases have emerged in 2000 with the adoption of resolutions by the Health General Assembly of the WHO:
These positions were supported by the publication of various international reports:
A first international mobilization specifically targeting diabetes resulted in the adoption by the UN Resolution 61/225 of December 20, 2006 on the fight against diabetes. By adopting in 2006 the resolution 61/225, the UN has recognized diabetes as chronic and debilitating disease which complications pose severe risks for families and for the finances of states, particularly in developing countries. The prevention of risk factors of this disease, as well as the access to care, treatment, education and management of complications related to diabetes, are a key feature of this resolution in order to prevent people from developing diabetes and diabetic people to experience situations of exclusion and increased vulnerability.
For the United Nations, this resolution allows to show that combating diabetes contributes to the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) of reducing poverty.
Following this resolution on diabetes, the African continent, through the Africa office of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), has developed documents of position and policy to fight against Diabetes in Africa:
Taking into account these commitments, the international community has adopted unanimously, through the United Nations General Assembly of May 13, 2010, the resolution 64/265 to organize a High Level Summit on Non-communicable diseases (NCD) in September 2011 to be held during the UN General Assembly.
130 States have co-sponsored the resolution so the summit could mobilize the international community, donors and governments to take strong measures to curb the epidemic.
The advocacy process making possible the adoption of this resolution was carried by an alliance against the NCDs named NCD global alliance composed of the four federations of the major Non-communicable diseases: International Diabetes Federation (IDF), the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (The Union), the International Union for the Fight against Cancer (UICC) and the World Heart Federation (WHF).
On December 23, 2010, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the resolution determining the modalities of organization of the UN Summit.
The organization of the summit of the United Nations began, in a first step, by regional ministerial consultations conducted under the aegis of the World Health Organization in the 6 regions constituting the WHO:
Santé Diabète has taken part in the ministerial consultation of Brazzaville that led to the Brazzaville Declaration. The Director of Santé Diabète, Stéphane Besançon, made a plenary presentation at the conference on the example of collaboration between the state and the NGO Santé Diabète: "Public - Private Partnership: A State – NGO collaboration to improve Prevention and management of diabetes in Mali. »
The adoption of these statements was made in preparation for a global declaration preparing the High Level Meeting on prevention and control of Non-communicable diseases at the UN General Assembly. This statement was validated at the first World Conference on healthy lifestyles and the fight against Non-communicable diseases in Moscow, Russia on 28-29 April 2011. This first global ministerial conference on healthy lifestyles and fight against Non-communicable diseases marked a milestone in the international campaign against the effects of cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases. The conference was organized by the Russian Federation and the WHO. It was designed to assist States Member to develop or strengthen policies and programs related to healthy lifestyles and prevention of Non-communicable diseases taking as a basis the Global Strategy against Non-communicable diseases and the associated action plan.
Non-communicable diseases summit of the United Nations General Assembly on 19th and 20th September, 2011 : approval of the 193 UN states on a political declaration admiting the scale of the mondial crisis of non-communicable diseases and the urgent requirement to act.
Last update: 17/09/11